Credit: Cesar Chavez photo taken in 1974 by Jerry Lewin, found in the book Nosotros: The Hispanic People of Oregon, Essays and Recollections, edited by Erasmo Gamboa and Carolyn M. Buan
In 1952, Mexican American civil rights activist César Estrada Chávez encouraged Mexican Americans to register and vote through his work with the Community Services Organization, a Latino civil rights group. Chávez later co-founded the National Farm Workers Association (NFWA) to improve conditions for migrant workers. In 1965, Phillip Veracruz and Mariano Laya Armington, two Filipino farm workers involved with the Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee, along with the NFWA, organized the Delano grape strike to get higher wages.
The social and political unrest of the Civil Rights movementLegal and other efforts led by African Americans against racism and segregation and for the... characterized and defined the decade of the 1960s. From Martin Luther King’s March on Washington in 1963, to the televised police assaults on blacks in Birmingham, Alabama, with police dogs and water hoses, to the bombing of a black Birmingham church that killed four young girls, to the murders of civil rights workers Goodman, Chaney and Schwerner in Mississippi, the decade became a testament to the social, political and economic realities of violent and deep-seated racial hatred. In 1964, the massive Mississippi voter registration drive “Freedom Summer” increased black registered voters from 7% to 67% of those eligible in the five years after civil rights organizers first arrived.