Credit: Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, created by Percy Moran 1912. Copyright by
Gerlach Barklow Co., Joliet, Illinois.
The 13-day Battle of the Alamo in 1836 was a pivotal point in Texas’ war for independence from Mexico. Nearly all of Texas rebels-primarily American settlers and Tejanos (native Mexicans who fought for Texas)-perished in the battle at the Alamo mission in San Antonio. Despite the loss, the Texans went on to win the war.
Soon after Texas won independence from Mexico in 1836, the state legalized slaveryan extreme form of human oppression whereby an individual may "own" another person and the.... Free blacks and mulattoes were forbidden from entering Texas, which had once been a safe haven for runaways. In the 1830s, as the westward push of white settlements and of slavery brought significant numbers of new settlers into the region, conflicts between whites and Mexicans, who had long occupied the land, increased. In Texas, authorities used the Texas Rangers to protect the large land and cattle operations established after statehood from insurgents li e Juan Cortina, a wealthy Mexican-born rancher who became a symbola sign or attribute that stands for something else, to which it may or may... of militant resistance to Anglo racismthe use of race to establish and justify a social hierarchy and system of power.... Authorities in Texas systematically disenfranchised Mexican Americans, and prevented them from serving in local government, while vigilantes, with broad support from the white communities, terrorized Mexican Americans in southern Texas, where they were most numerous. Statehood was delayed for New Mexico, primarily because of its Mexican American political leadership, however Mexican Americans remained the majority population until the end of the nineteenth century.